"A riot is the language of the unheard" Martin Luther King Jr.
Last weeks protests in Baltimore over the death of Freddie Gray at the hands of the Baltimore Police Department turned violent, re-igniting the debate over the politics of riots. On one side we had people who argued that violence solves nothing and that if people "acted peaceful and well-mannered" they would be listened to. On the other side, the violence is the straw that broke the proverbial camel's back.
Chuck Epstein's article in Counter Punch is a reminder that every major social movement has had violence, it's inevitable in cases of class warfare. The degree of violence varies depending on the level of tension. In the case of Baltimore, we have a city with a high rate of racial and economic disparity that turned it into a hotbed of tension. The other thing we need to remember is that violence will continue, and likely be more prevalent if major issues remain unaddressed by people with the power to change.
The other major movement happening now is Fight for 15, aiming for higher wages and unionization of minimum wage jobs. Racial and economic justice issues intersect, as blacks and latinos are more likely to be working minimum wage. Black neighborhoods have higher rates of poverty, and the policing of those neighborhoods is stricter than police presence in white neighborhoods. Cities like Baltimore and Ferguson have had problems with both for decades leading up to the #blacklivesmatter movement.
Rochester has its own race and economic issues. Racial disparity in arrests is high, in some parts of the city they are higher than the disparity in Ferguson. We have organizations working to break the school to prison pipeline by reforming the RCSD's discipline policies, which in turn would raise graduation rates. We are also, still, one of the poorest cities in the country.
If we truly want to address violence in social movements, we need to first address the history of social movements themselves and acknowledge that violence is inevitable. Then we can mitigate the risk of violence through those in power acknowledging and addressing the problems the oppressed face.
(Photo credit: Fibonacci Blue, licensed under Creative Commons.)
Media coverage of the events unfolding in Baltimore connected with the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black , carry a familiar theme: protestors gather to demonstrate their anger at the unprovoked death of another black man, while some become violent and torch and loot some business establishments. In turn, the media unequivocally condemns the violence, degrades those causing the violence and appeals for peace even as the police presence increases to near para-military levels in an attempt to restore the status quo.
What’s missing from these media descriptions is any historical perspective about the role of violence and how it invariably focuses more attention on the social-political-economic rather than detracts from them. In many media commentaries, the refrain is that violence serves no purpose, but the fact that their coverage intensifies when there is violence negates the media’s collective statement.
(more after the flip)
If the corporate media studied their history, they would recognize that every major social movement in the twentieth century–from the 1913 death to publicize the suffrage movement to civil rights to Viet Nam war protests to the deaths of black men in police custody–have all been accompanied by violence. The violence is the yin-yang of peaceful protest and the level of violence, from self-immolation by an American in Washington DC used during the Viet Nam War protests to the Weatherman and sporadic fire and looting is invariably always denounced by the media and civil authorities, yet it serves the purpose of focusing debate on the main issues and generates responses from the proper authorities.
In the most recent case in Baltimore, the corporate media followed this exact pattern. However, after a few days, more underlying news emerged about the significant poverty level in Baltimore, especially in the affected neighborhoods such as the Gilmor Homes housing, errant police behavior in the Gray case, the long-term dismal job prospects of young people in neighborhood and other class issues.
“Over the past four years, more than 100 people have won court judgments or settlements related to allegations of brutality and civil rights violations. Victims include a 15-year-old boy riding a dirt bike, a 26-year-old pregnant accountant who had witnessed a beating, a 50-year-old woman selling church raffle tickets, a 65-year-old church deacon rolling a cigarette and an 87-year-old grandmother aiding her wounded grandson ….
“And in almost every case, prosecutors or judges dismissed the charges against the victims—if charges were filed at all.”
In short, the Baltimore riots are a case study in class warfare. That is a very powerful condition, especially in a presidential election season, when Republicans have denigrated the term because they basically think it should not exist since all of their candidates would only work to make the distinctions between the very wealthy and the remainder of Americans more sharp.
It’s also class warfare since the rioters are disenchanted working poor. In another era these people would be called the proletariat, or if they were poor and had no vested interest in the society at large, they would be called the lumpen proletariat. These are once-common Marxist terms that are all but banned on the corporate media today, but many of the Baltimore rioters would agree with these definitions since they have very dismal prospects of ever making it into the middle class.
The other major worry for the presidential candidates in both parties is that the class warfare and proletariat descriptions do not extend into the middle class. As the presidential contenders and other look for more talking points, many Democrats (Bernie Saunders and Elizabeth Warren especially) have addressed the dangers of stagnant middle class wages and mobility, young people burdened by college debt that is so high it impacts their ability to buy a home or exit the rat race.
Even Women’s’ Wear Daily, hardly a financial publication and certainly not known as being a catalyst for social change, ran a major story this week about the demise of the middle class and how it has affected the retail clothing business. No longer are high-end brand a reality, but more shopper have lowered their sights to buy clothes at Wal-Mart. Moreover, younger people with some disposable incomes are no longer brand-name focused, but shift their tastes and purchases based on fads and prices. This unpredictable consumer behavior is bad for any business, but it is especially difficult when it is determined by a lower disposable incomes.
So as events unfold in Baltimore, and more Progressive Democratic candidates enter the race, the political gap widens between those who abhor the term “class warfare” and those who realistically embrace it as an accurate description of what is at stake in the U.S. today. If the Democrats are smart, they will use this historic wedge to address the existence of an urban proletariat that faces major limitations in moving up the economic ladder.
Worse, this dismal condition is expanding into the middle class. It’s no wonder that more Americans face uncertain, anxious retirement realities, as the corporate media continues its myopic coverage of this new American class struggle.
But for the mainstream media, the admonition that violence is never a useful element of protest is a historic fallacy. The responsible media should avoid knee-jerk reactions that denigrate active protestors as criminal even as they increase their media coverage of the fires and street battles.
They know it’s good TV, but they should also investigate the underlying reasons why rational people risk physical harm against a disproportionately and lethally-armed police force with military grade weapons and seemingly with little judicial accountability. Add to that the fact that Baltimore’s story has been going on for decades and you have a much bigger story of proletarian class warfare. But don’t mention those words on TV. It could be bad for business.
Original article: http://www.counterpunch.org/2015/05/05/class-warfare-in-baltimore/